Building and Office Evacuation Training Video - Safetycare Workplace Fire Safety

7-Step Emergency and Evacuation Plan

The collapse of the World Trade Center towers on September 11th forced hundreds to leave their homes in lower Manhattan--something many were unprepared to do.


Unless you live in a hurricane-, tornado-, earthquake-, or wildfire-prone region, where the possibility of an evacuation is an everyday reality, you may not be prepared to leave your residence in the event of disaster, either.

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"But everyone should have a emergency and an evacuation plan," says Larry Rockwell, a spokesman for the American Red Cross whose specialty is disaster preparedness. Disaster can strike anywhere, Rockwell notes, in the form of a fire, for instance, or as a traffic accident involving a 16-wheeler loaded with chemicals.


Here's what you should do now to develop ahome emergency planstay safe if disaster strikes:


Identify two safe meeting places.In case of a fire, gas leak, or other emergency in your home or apartment building, you'll need to find a safe (and nearby) meeting place. That might be a tree at the far end of your yard, or the corner candy store. You'll also need a safe meeting place outside of your neighborhood in case a large-scale emergency prompts a widespread evacuation. "Most of us are not home during the day, so if the neighborhood is being evacuated, we need our families to know where we will meet," says Rockwell.A family member's workplace or the home of a relative or friend outside the immediate vicinity is a good option. Be sure all family members know the location of both meeting places as well as the phone number for the away-from-home meeting spot.Practice leaving.Check to ensure there are at least two exits (in case one is blocked)leading out of your home. You may need to rearrange some furniture, or, if you live on an upper floor of a building, buy a collapsible ladder, to guarantee you have at least two exits.


Then have a drill where you leave home and gather at your meeting spot. "You should practice at a couple different times during the day, including at night, after the kids have gone to bed," says Rockwell. Do it once a month or so.[pagebreak]Safeguard important documents.Store copies of birth and marriage certificates, insurance policies, and other important papers in your disaster kit or a safe deposit box, or leave them in a secure place at the home of a friend or relative who resides in another community. That way, you'll be able to get your hands on them should your home be damaged or destroyed in a disaster.

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Find an out-of-town contact.When disaster strikes an area, incoming phone lines are often jammed with calls from relatives and friends trying to reach loved ones. As a result, some callers spend anxious hours trying to get through.


To make sure your circle knows you're okay, ask an out-of-town relative or friend to be your contact, the person you'll call in case of emergency. Then, give that person's number to all of your other relatives and friends, and let them know they can call her to find out how you're doing if, say, a tornado touches down in your neighborhood.Draft an evacuation plan.In preparation for the possibility that you need to leave your community, devise a strategy. "This should include where you plan to go--whether it's a friend or relative's home outside the community or a hotel room--and how you'll get there," says Rockwell.


"You need to consider whether you'll drive, or ride with someone, or take public transportation." You should also map out what to do with the family pet, in case it's not welcome at that friend's house, or at a hotel, since many have no-pets policies.[pagebreak]Pack an emergency stash.In case you have to leave in a hurry, prepack an emergency kit--a covered trash can or duffel bag that includes:


  • three gallons of water per person


  • a three-day supply of nonperishable foods


  • a three-day supply of medications


  • the phone numbers for family doctors and pharmacists (in case you're unable to return for a longer time and need to refill prescriptions)


  • a first-aid kit that contains regularly used over-the-counter medications


  • one change of clothing and footwear per person


  • a blanket or sleeping bag per person


  • a battery-powered radio and extra batteries (in order to get news and information)


  • flashlights and extra batteries



  • special items that certain family members need daily, e.g., baby formula and diapers for infants and toddlers

List everyone's address and numbers.Write down everyone's home, work, and school addresses and numbers, and make sure everyone has a copy of the list. Then, if you hear of a pending evacuation, for instance, you can call your wife and the kids' school to let them you know you'll be picking them up.


Be aware of work and school emergency procedures, too.You should not only participate in regularly scheduled fire and evacuation drills but also explain your workplace policies to other family members. For instance, let them know if you'd be asked to leave your workplace or moved to a secure location inside it in case of a disaster.


The latter is more likely if your workplace manufactures chemicals and other substances that, released to air, could make it more dangerous to leave the building than stay in a secure area for the duration of a cleanup.

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Date: 11.12.2018, 12:03 / Views: 81235