How to Draw in Perspective for Beginners
How to Draw Perspective
Perspective drawing is a drawing technique used to illustrate dimension through a flat surface. There are many forms of perspective drawing such as; one perspective, two-point perspective, three-point perspective, bird’s eye view, worm’s eye view and others. For this tutorial, a one perspective is used to draw a scene under a checkered pathway. One perspective is also a perspective drawing that has one vanishing point where the lines drawn are parallel to each other and are "infinity."
Doing Basic Perspective Drawing
Start by creating a vanishing point by drawing an “X” at the center of the paper.Then from the center through the edge of your paper draw lines, but make sure also that the lines you have drawn can be used on your drawing.
Draw a series of poles on the right side next.When you almost reached the center or the vanishing point you can substitute the poles to a series of lines.
Draw a series poles and add in some perpendicular benches on the left side.Remember to draw lines again when you almost reach the center or the vanishing point.
Add the roof of the pathway by illustrating its checkered pattern.
Sketch houses on the left side.Draw a beach scene on the right side of the drawing.
Complete the drawing by sketching lines that will highlight or outline the path and roof.
Ink over your drawing and you’re done.To ink over your drawing use a black pen or marker with different kinds of points so that there will be some variation of texture on your drawing.
Using One Point Perspective
One point perspective is usually used when the object's front is facing the viewer. In this type of drawing the horizontal and vertical lines will be horizontal and vertical respectively in the drawing, and lines getting farther from the viewer will have an angle towards what is called a "Vanishing Point." Click on any of the following images to get a closer look.
Determine the horizonin your drawing.Draw a horizontal line for the horizon with a hard pencil. The horizon lines determines how far the viewer can see based on the terrain and the distance of the viewer from the ground.
Choose the vanishing point.This is what will determine the effect of the perspective. As a reference, the most basic vanishing point would be located in the center of the paper horizontally and over the horizon line. If you set the vanishing point to the right, the drawing will look as if the point of view is moved to the left of the objects. The vanishing point for some objects can also be above or below the horizon lines depending on the inclination of the planes in respect to the ground.
Sketch the main objects.
- Take care to draw all the horizontal and vertical lines perfectly horizontal and vertical.
- The lines that start near the point of view and get farther should be drawn extending towards the selected vanishing point. This will give the perspective effect.
Give detail to your drawingrespecting the proportions dictated by the reference lines you sketched before.
Drawing from Two Point Perspective
Two point perspective or perspective with two vanishing points is used when the objects' corners are facing the viewer. This method is perfect for drawing isometric objects.
Determine the horizonin your drawing.Sketch a horizontal line for the horizon as in the first method.
Determine the point of view.This is the approximate location of the eye of the person viewing the drawing. This point may be located below the bottom of the paper (outside the paper.) You don't need to actually mark the point.
Determine the first vanishing point.The usual method for this is to sketch a first line from the point of view in a 60 degree angle to the left and mark your vanishing point where this line intersects the horizon.
Determine the second vanishing point.For this you will draw a second line from the point of view in a 30 degree angle to the right. Again, the vanishing point will be the intersection of this line and the horizon. The 60 and 30 degree angles can be different, but the angle between the lines that go from the eye of the observer to the vanishing points have to form a 90 degree angle.
Sketch the main objects.Draw the vertical lines perfectly vertical, the horizontal lines moving to the left at an angle towards the left vanishing point and the horizontal lines moving to the right at an angle towards the right vanishing point (all the horizontal lines should converge in one or the other of the vanishing points if extended far enough).
Give detail to your drawing.Respect the trends given by the horizontal lines sketched for the main objects. These lines will determine the proportion of the sizes of the objects when they are located closer or farther from the point of view.
- Make light, temporary guidelines with a ruler (shown here in green) to make sure your details are in perspective. Erase these guidelines later.
Using Three Point Perspective
Understand the concept.Three point perspective includes the two point perspective or perspective with two vanishing points plus it also has a third perspective point or third vanishing point in the vertical perspective aspect as from near the ground for instance looking up at a tower -- as the viewer is facing a vertical corner (edge) of the object.
Consider that there can be a number of views.It can be angular, tilted or a rotated part of a drawing, but it is usually based on parallel lines in each part and relates those parts that are actually parallel to each other.
Look at the staircase example to see that different "3rd point" depends on the angle of the item being viewed.So then there can be several "other" vanishing points off at "some odd angle vanishing upward into the sky (or downward)" in a picture, for example another identical staircase could be oriented (rotated) differently as for example shown in the same drawing of a lobby of a building, etc.
Trying Zero Point Perspective
Think about scenes such as landscapes that have no parallel lines.This kind of perspective is of irregular shapes like crooked trees, boulders, mountains, rubble, stones, gravel, and sand dunes, etc.
Draw with this kind of perspective.The object sizes generally get smaller in the distance and the drawing elements like tree limbs, becoming thinner and less detailed in the background. The textures, shading and colors show less contrast as they are farther away so that colors fade (become lighter) and become tinted toward blue color tones in the distance.
QuestionHow do I draw a traffic jam using perspective drawing?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerUse one-point perspective; draw cars gradually, getting smaller on the center chunk; and draw sidewalks with people on them.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I draw a sunset ocean perspective?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerUse one point perspective with the sun being the point.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I draw a river perspective?Community AnswerIf on the river, draw the one-point perspective, and draw both the sides of the river. If on the riverbank, use the zero-point perspective.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I draw a simple kitchen using one-point perspective?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerJust apply the guidelines in the article. You could start with counters and drawers, a table and a lot of details.Thanks!
QuestionDo I need to use two point perspective in a drawing of a country landscape that has a house in the background?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerNo, you do not need to, one point perspective should do the trick. Just draw the house approaching the vanishing point as it recedes into the background.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I draw in perspective if I'm young?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerJust follow the instructions. Drawing in perspective is the same if you're 8 or 80.Thanks!
QuestionHow do you draw a bed?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerTo draw a bed, make a rectangular prism with a few rounded off squares and other shapes for pillows. If you were referring to a bed frame, just add a few wooden planks at the bottom of the prism.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I draw a square table?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerJust draw a slim rectangular prism for the actual table, then draw some tall and thin rectangular prisms for the legs. Maybe draw a wood design on the table and legs.Thanks!
QuestionWith what point perspective can I draw a closet?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYou can draw a closet from a lot of perspectives: one point, two points--even five (like a snow globe)! It's up to you to decide which perspective to use.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I draw a psychedelic design in black and have it give a hidden picture?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerFind a psychedelic design in black with a hidden picture, then find a pencil and draw it.Thanks!
How do I draw a forest scene with two people sitting on logs on either side of a pond?
How do I draw a house with a slight view of one side?
How can I draw a one point perspective if flat?
How to draw dynamic perspective? Can you upload the way for that?
What is the difference between the first quadrant and third quadrant?
To draw using basic perspective, start by drawing an “X” at the center of the paper which will be your vanishing point. From there, draw a series of poles on the right side of the "X" that get smaller as they go toward the center of the page. Repeat this process on the left hand side and add in some perpendicular benches to help create dimension on the page. From there, you can scale your drawings appropriately and end up with a painting of a path with objects like houses or forest on both sides of the "X."
- Always use a ruler so that the lines you draw are straight.
- Always start your drawings with a hard pencil. 2H pencils are recommended for this part, but you may want to use harder pencils if you want to avoid your reference lines being seen in the final drawing. Complete the drawings with a slightly softer pencil, such as HB.
- A good way to practice is to visit places where you can see a structure disappearing into the horizon (railroad tracks are perfect, but be extremely careful of a train approaching from behind). Sit down and draw the structure head on; then move over 15 feet (4.6 m) to the left (or right) and do it again. Practice drawing from various angles, always noting where the vanishing point is.
- Perspective can also be applied to block letters for a more dramatic and imposing effect.
- Use graphite paper when erasing or drawing. It's useful for its anti smudge purposes (rest your hand on the paper).
- Make sure you keep your hands very clean when drawing. Nothing is sadder than ruining a perfectly good drawing that took hours to get perfect just because your hands were not clean.
- Remember to try to draw lightly first, or you will see lines in the finished drawing where you have tried to erase previous attempts.
- Don't forget the fact that you can throw away a bad try at a picture. Accidents happen.
- This is a three dimensional drawing without perspective. The coordinate system does not have a vanishing point. In this kind of drawing the parallel lines would not appear to converge (come closer together) when extended into the distance.
Things You'll Need
Pencils: H or harder, HB, 2B or softer
Sheets of paper
A model object to draw
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